IPC New Updates – A Comprehensive Overview – 2023 (“Navigating the Latest IPC Updates : What You Need to Know”)

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Today’s topic is IPC New Updates. Recently some changes have been made in the IPC, the Indian Penal Code 1860 will be replaced by the Indian Justice Code, 2023. It will repeal 22 provisions of IPC. Along with this, changes have been proposed in 175 existing provisions of IPC and nine new sections have been introduced in the new code. In this article, we will provide you with all the information about IPC New Updates. Like what changes have taken place, which provisions have been repealed etc. So let’s start the topic.

What is IPC in Crime?

What is IPC: In the context of crime, IPC refers to the Indian Penal Code. The Indian Penal Code (IPC) stands as the authorized criminal code of India. It was enacted in 1862 and is still in force today. The IPC defines over 500 criminal offences, including murder, theft, and assault.

The IPC is partitioned into 23 chapters, each dedicated to addressing a distinct category of wrongdoing. For example, Chapter I deals with offences relating to the state, Chapter II deals with offences affecting the human body, and Chapter III deals with offences affecting the public tranquillity.

The IPC constitutes an all-encompassing compendium, addressing a diverse array of criminal transgressions. It is used by the police, the courts, and the lawyers to investigate, prosecute, and punish crimes in India.

Here are some examples of crimes that are defined in the IPC:

  • Murder (Section 300)
  • Theft (Section 378)
  • Assault (Section 351)
  • Rape (Section 376)
  • Kidnapping (Section 363)
  • Dacoity (Section 395)
  • Cheating (Section 415)
  • Forgery (Section 467)

IPC New Updates (IPC New Updates जानिए हिंदी में)

IPC New Updates: The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill of 2023 aims to revoke and substitute the Indian Penal Code (IPC) that has been in existence for over 160 years. This bill introduces fresh identifiers for several frequently employed sections. Below is a compilation of the former and novel section numbers for reference.

Consider, for instance, “Dafaa 302” representing murder, “420” representing cheating, or “376” representing rape — these are sections within the IPC utilized to address these respective offenses. However, with the advent of the BNS (Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita), the prospective replacement for the IPC, these sections will undergo a renumbering process.

Below is a compilation of the former and newly proposed section numbers. It is essential to acknowledge that these revised numbers are not definitively established at this point (IPC New Updates). They remain subject to potential alterations following the review of the Bill by the Standing Committee and subsequent parliamentary deliberations.

IPC Section 420: Cheating

The provision within the Indian Penal Code, Section 420, titled “Cheating and Dishonestly Inducing Delivery of Property,” stipulates that anyone who engages in deceitful conduct to induce a person into delivering property, altering valuable securities, or tampering with items that are signed or sealed, shall be subject to imprisonment for a term that can reach up to seven years, in addition to being liable for a fine.


The forthcoming Sanhita does not include a Section 420. The act of cheating falls under the purview of Section 316 in the proposed framework.

Section 316 (1) outlines the following:

“If any individual, through deception, intentionally prompts another person to part with their property fraudulently or dishonestly, or deliberately leads them to perform or refrain from actions they wouldn’t have done under non-deceptive circumstances, resulting in potential harm to that person’s body, mind, reputation, or property, the act is deemed as ‘cheating’.”

According to Sections 316(2), (3), and (4), the penalties for cheating can range from a minimum of three years to a maximum of seven years of imprisonment, in addition to the imposition of a fine.

IPC Section 124A: Sedition

The Indian Penal Code, Section 124A, declares: “Any person who, through spoken or written words, gestures, visible representation, or any other means, endeavors to generate hatred, contempt, or encourages disaffection towards the legally established Government, will be subject to either life imprisonment along with a possible fine, or imprisonment for up to three years accompanied by a potential fine.”


Section 124 in the upcoming Sanhita pertains to the offense of wrongful restraint.

The term “sedition” is absent from the anticipated Sanhita. Offenses akin to what is referred to as “sedition” in the IPC are addressed under Section 150 of the projected Sanhita as “Acts endangering sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.”

It offers a more comprehensive provision compared to IPC Section 124A.

Section 150 of the anticipated Sanhita stipulates: “Any individual who, intentionally or knowingly, through spoken or written words, gestures, visible representation, electronic communication, financial means, or any other means, endeavors to incite or attempts to incite secession, armed rebellion, subversive activities, or fosters sentiments of separatism, endangering the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India, or engages in such actions, shall be subject to imprisonment for life or a term of imprisonment up to seven years, accompanied by a fine.”

IPC Section 302: Murder

IPC Segment 302 lays out the punishment for manslaughter: “Any individual who carries out murder will deal with the repercussion of death or life detainment, and will likewise be dependent upon a fine.”


Section 302 in the anticipated Sanhita outlines the act of 

“Snatching.” Section 302(1) stipulates:

“Theft constitutes ‘snatching’ when, with the intent to commit theft, the perpetrator abruptly, swiftly, or forcefully seizes, secures, grabs, or removes any movable property from an individual or their possession.”

Within the forthcoming Sanhita, the concept of murder is encompassed by Section 99, which delineates the differentiation between culpable homicide and murder (IPC New Updates).

The penalty for murder is specified within Section 101, comprising two subsections.

Section 101(1) states: Any person convicted of committing homicide shall be susceptible to either capital punishment or life imprisonment, along with the obligation to pay a fine.

Section 101(2) of the anticipated Sanhita articulates: “In situations where an aggregate of at least five people cooperatively executes murder in view of elements like race, rank, local area, orientation, origin, language, individual convictions, or some other measure, each member inside this gathering will confront the punishment of death, life detainment, or a jail term of something like seven years, and will likewise be dependent upon a fine.”

This secondary subsection pertains to group-related murder occurrences, encompassing incidents like lynching.

IPC Section 307: Attempt to murder

IPC Section 307 says:

“Any individual who engages in an act with the intention or awareness that, given the circumstances, if that act led to death, they would be held accountable for murder, shall be subject to imprisonment of either description for a period of up to ten years, and shall also bear responsibility for a fine (IPC New Updates). Furthermore, if such an act inflicts injury upon another person, the perpetrator shall be susceptible to either life imprisonment or the aforementioned punishment.”


Section 307 within the upcoming Sanhita delineates the crime of robbery and its corresponding penalty.

The act of attempting to commit murder is encompassed by Section 107 of the anticipated Sanhita, which also outlines the punishment for this offense.

IPC Sections 375 and 376: Rape

IPC Section 375 elucidates the nature of the offense of rape and its defining characteristics. Notably, it incorporates an important exemption pertaining to “marital rape,” stating that “sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a man with his own wife, provided the wife is not below eighteen years of age, shall not be categorized as rape.”

IPC Section 376, on the other hand, establishes the penalties for rape, ranging from seven years to life imprisonment, and introduces distinct, more stringent sentences for specific categories of offenders.

Both IPC Sections 375 and 376 fall within the subsection “Sexual Offences” located within Chapter XVI of the Code, titled “Of Offences Affecting the Human Body.”


The anticipated Sanhita does not include a Section 376.

The act of rape is outlined within Section 63 of the proposed Sanhita. The seven criteria that constitute forced sexual intercourse, classifying it as rape under the IPC, have been upheld in the projected Sanhita.

Additionally, the exception for marital rape remains unaltered: “Sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a man with his own wife, provided the wife is not below eighteen years of age, shall not be deemed as rape.”

IPC Section 120B: “Criminal conspiracy”

Regarding the penalty associated with criminal conspiracy, the IPC declares, “If an individual is involved in a criminal conspiracy aimed at committing an offense punishable with death, life imprisonment, or rigorous imprisonment for a duration of two years or more, and if no explicit provision exists in this Code for penalizing such a conspiracy, the person shall be subject to the same consequences as if they had abetted that offense.”


In the anticipated Sanhita, Section 120 addresses the concept of “inflicting harm or serious harm voluntarily in response to provocation.”

The concept of criminal conspiracy is encompassed in Section 61(1): “Whenever two or more individuals unite to perform, or facilitate the performance of—(a) an unlawful act; or (b) an act that, although not unlawful, is achieved through illicit methods, this arrangement is termed a criminal conspiracy (IPC New Updates).” The penalty for criminal conspiracy is detailed in Section 61(2) of the proposed Sanhita.

IPC Section 505: Statements creating or promoting enmity (Explanations making or advancing hatred)

Within the IPC, this particular section pertains to “Statements Leading to Public Disruption” and statements that instigate or propagate hostility, animosity, or hostility between different societal groups. Furthermore, it encompasses offenses described in sub-section (2) (pertaining to the creation or propagation of enmity) when carried out within a place of worship, during religious ceremonies, and similar contexts.

IN PROPOSED BNS, 2023: The anticipated Sanhita does not incorporate a Section 505.

In the projected Sanhita, Section 194 outlines the offense of “Inciting hostility between distinct groups based on religion, race, birthplace, dwelling, language, etc., and engaging in actions detrimental to the preservation of harmony.”

IPC Section 153A: “Promoting enmity, between different groups”(Advancing hostility, between various gatherings)

This particular provision within the IPC addresses the crime of “Inciting animosity between various groups based on factors like religion, race, birthplace, dwelling, language, etc., and carrying out actions that undermine the preservation of harmony.” It also encompasses offences committed within places of worship and similar contexts.

IN PROPOSED BNS, 2023: Section 153 within the anticipated Sanhita delineates the offence of “Accepting property acquired through war or plunder as specified in sections 153 and 154.”

The crime of fomenting hostility within the projected Sanhita is addressed in Section 194.

IPC Section 499: Defamation

The IPC provision that led to Rahul Gandhi’s conviction and two-year imprisonment in a Gujarat court, subsequently triggering the provision for his (now halted) disqualification from Parliament, defines defamation in the following manner:

“Any person who, through spoken words or expressions intended for reading, or through gestures, or through visible portrayals, makes or publicizes any accusation against an individual with the intention of causing harm or with knowledge or reasonable belief that such accusation would damage the reputation of that person, is regarded as, unless excepted as detailed below, defaming that individual.”

IPC Section 500 outlines the penalty for defamation: “Any individual who defames another person shall face the penalty of simple imprisonment that may extend to two years, or be subjected to a fine, or both.”

IN PROPOSED BNS, 2023: Section 499 is absent in the proposed new Sanhita.

The act of defamation falls within the ambit of Section 354(1) in the emerging Sanhita. Section 354(2) in the proposed Sanhita outlines the penalty for defamation, which incorporates the provision of “community service.” It states: “Anyone who engages in defamation shall face a sentence of simple imprisonment that could span up to two years, or a fine, or both, in addition to the option of community service.”

Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill (What is Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill?)

Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill, 2023 (BNS Bill) is a proposed bill that aims to replace the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), and the Indian Evidence Act (IEA). The bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on August 11, 2023, by Home Minister Amit Shah.

The BNS Bill has been criticized by some legal experts who argue that it is too broad and could be used to suppress dissent (IPC New Updates). Others have welcomed the bill, arguing that it is necessary to modernize India’s criminal justice system.

The BNS Bill is currently being debated in the Lok Sabha. It is not yet clear when the bill will be passed by the Parliament.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the latest changes in IPC?

Repeal of the sedition law (Section 124A of IPC).
Introduction of a new offence of mob lynching, with a maximum punishment of death.
Enhancement of the punishment for sexual offences against children from 7 years to 10 years.
Introduction of a new offence of sexual intercourse on the false promise of marriage, with a maximum punishment of 10 years.
Mandatory videography of the statement of victims of sexual violence.
Mandatory visit of forensic teams in the case of offences that attract a jail term of over 7 years.
Limitation of 180 days to file a charge sheet.
Introduction of community service for specific crimes.
Administration of the day to conclude indictment authorize against cops and government employees in 120 days or less.

How many sections are there in IPC now?

There are currently 356 sections in the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The IPC was enacted in 1860 and has been amended over 75 times since then. The latest amendments were made in 2023.

What is the IPC 309 update?

There is no new update to Section 309 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) as of August 2023. Section 309 of the IPC prohibits the act of attempted suicide. The arrangement proclaims that any individual who tries to end it all and makes any move towards its execution can be punished with a term of straightforward detainment, which could reach out as long as a year, or with a fine, or with both.

What are the 5 stages of crime in IPC?


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Conclusion – IPC New Updates

Today’s topic was IPC New Updates. As information about IPC New Updates has been provided in this article, but keep in mind that this information is subject to change, some more changes may be made till the final result comes. If you liked this article (IPC New Updates), then do tell in the comments below and you can also visit our website for the latest information of this type.

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